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Can Alcohol Cause A Sore Throat?

Ever found yourself nursing a sore throat after a night of drinking? You’re not alone. 

Waking up with an uncomfortable scratchy feeling, or worse, swollen throat is often the cherry on top of a myriad of not-so-great sensations the day after drinking. 

But why does it happen?

In this article, we’ll dive into the nitty-gritty of alcohol’s effects on your throat. You’ll learn what’s happening behind the scenes when you sip on your favorite brew or cocktail. So, let’s get started, shall we?

How Alcohol Affects Your Throat

When you take a swig of alcohol, the substance passes down your esophagus and lingers in the throat. This in itself might not seem problematic.

But consider this: alcohol is a diuretic

What does this mean for you? A diuretic accelerates the rate at which fluid leaves your body.

In the context of your throat, dehydration can be a particularly uncomfortable outcome of excess alcohol intake. As your throat dries out, you might begin to experience that familiar sore and scratchy sensation.

Another way that alcohol impacts your throat is through its potential to irritate your mucous membranes.

Inside your throat, these thin layers of tissue are responsible for producing mucus. This mucus keeps your throat moist, protecting it from harm and infection.

In the table below, you can see the two main ways alcohol affects your throat:

Impact of AlcoholExplanation
DehydrationAlcohol acts as a diuretic, accelerating fluid loss and potentially drying out the throat.
IrritationBy irritating mucous membranes, alcohol may disrupt the throat’s natural moisture balance and protective barriers.
Chart explaining how alcohol causes a sore throat

Does Alcohol Cause A Sore Throat? Yep. 

As I just mentioned, alcohol is a well-known dehydrator. It negatively affects your body’s ability to produce saliva, which plays a crucial role in keeping your throat moist and comfortable. 

Dehydration is often the lead villain behind that dryness and irritation you feel in your throat after a night of drinking.

Besides dehydration, it’s worth noting how alcohol behaves in your body

Alcohol, especially when consumed excessively, is known to irritate the mucous membranes in the throat directly. It can cause inflammation and burning in the throat, culminating in the discomfort you identify as a sore throat.

Drinking alcohol can also result in acid reflux, a condition where the stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and pain. 

If you’ve ever experienced a stingy, burning sensation in your throat after a round or two of cocktails, it’s possible that alcohol-triggered acid reflux is the culprit.

a woman holds her throat while sitting on the coach under a blanket with a mug of warm liquid and lemons
Can alcohol cause a sore throat?

Ways to prevent a sore throat from alcohol consumption

You might wonder: How do I protect myself from an alcohol-induced sore throat? Smart question! Let’s delve into some easy strategies.

1. Limit Your Alcohol Intake

The simplest action is possibly the most effective – reduce your alcohol consumption

You’ve heard it before but it’s worth repeating: moderation is key! Listening to your body and setting boundaries with your alcohol intake can prevent not only a sore throat but a myriad of other health issues.

Don’t chug your drinks down. Sip slowly and allow your body to metabolize the alcohol gradually. Less stress on your throat, lower chances of the drink triggering acid reflux.

And if you struggle to quit drinking after just one or two drinks, I’ve got some resources for that, too!

Check out:

2. Hydrate, Hydrate, Hydrate!

Hydration is critical. Drinking plenty of water helps maintain the moisture in your throat, preventing it from becoming dry and irritated. 

Try to alternate between your alcoholic beverage and water. This tip will not only aid in throat protection, but it may also help prevent hangovers.

Stay away from sugary mixed drinks if you can. Sugar can exacerbate dehydration, making all these symptoms worse.

3. Opt for Lower-Alcohol Drinks

Another tactic? Go for drinks with a lower alcohol content. Not all drinks have the same alcohol percentage. Wine and beer typically have less alcohol than hard liquors. Switching could potentially alleviate your throat discomfort.

4. Ditch the Cigarettes

A bonus tip: if you’re used to combining alcohol with smoking, it’s time to ditch the cigarettes. Smoking can worsen the effect of alcohol on your throat and substantially increase throat dryness and irritation.


So there you have it! You’ve got the tools to keep that sore throat at bay even while enjoying your favorite drink. 

Remember to pace yourself and opt for drinks with a lower alcohol content. Staying hydrated is key, so don’t forget to drink lots of water. 

And if you’re a smoker, you might want to reconsider lighting up when you’re having a drink. It’s all about balance and making choices that are good for your throat and overall health. Cheers to that!

Frequently Asked Questions

Why does alcohol cause a sore throat?

Alcohol can cause a sore throat due to its dehydrating effects, which dry out and irritate the throat mucosa. Alcohol’s acidity can also contribute to throat irritation.

How can I prevent a sore throat from alcohol?

To prevent a sore throat from alcohol, try to limit your overall alcohol intake and opt for lower-alcohol drinks. It’s also helpful to sip slowly and stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. It’s advisable to avoid combining alcohol with smoking.

Is alcohol a major cause of a sore throat?

While alcohol can contribute to a sore throat, it’s not the only cause. Other factors like flu, bacterial infections, allergies, and smoking can also cause a sore throat.

Is consuming wine or beer better for the throat than hard liquors?

Yes, the article suggests that wine and beer, which typically have a lower alcohol content than hard liquors, may be less likely to cause a sore throat.

Can smoking worsen a sore throat caused by alcohol?

Yes, combining alcohol with smoking can worsen throat dryness and irritation, making a sore throat more likely to occur.

Want To Test Your Drinking Habits?

The following quiz is called the AUDIT, which is short for Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. It’s used by medical professionals to assess your risk for alcohol dependence. Curious about how your drinking habits stack up? Take the assessment.

This is not an official medical diagnosis nor is it medical advice. Rather this is for informational purposes only. If you have any questions or concerns, share your results with your doctor.

Welcome to your Alcohol Use (AUDIT) quiz

1. How often do you have a drink containing alcohol?

How many units of alcohol do you drink on a typical day when you are drinking?

A unit of alcohol is one standard drink. Examples of one standard drink include:

  • 12 oz can of beer with about 5% alcohol
  • 5 fl oz of wine (roughly 12% alcohol)
  • 1.5 fl oz shot of spirits like vodka, rum, or whiskey (about 40% alcohol)

How often have you had 6 or more units if female, or 8 or more if male, on a single occasion in the last year?

How often during the last year have you found that you were not able to stop drinking once you had started?

How often during the last year have you failed to do what was normally expected from you because of drinking?

How often during the last year have you needed an alcoholic drink in the morning to get yourself going after a heavy drinking session?

How often during the last year have you had a feeling of guilt or remorse after drinking?

How often during the last year have you been unable to remember what happened the night before because you had been drinking?

Have you or someone else been injured as a result of your drinking?

Has a relative or friend or a doctor or another health worker been concerned about your drinking or suggested you cut down?

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